New York City Council Header
File #: Int 0135-2018    Version: * Name: Certain expanded polystyrene items.
Type: Introduction Status: Committee
Committee: Committee on Sanitation and Solid Waste Management
On agenda: 1/31/2018
Enactment date: Law number:
Title: A Local Law to amend the administrative code of the city of New York, in relation to certain expanded polystyrene items
Sponsors: Brad S. Lander, Antonio Reynoso, Stephen T. Levin, Margaret S. Chin, Helen K. Rosenthal, Bill Perkins, Justin L. Brannan, Costa G. Constantinides, Laurie A. Cumbo, Daniel Dromm , Mark Levine, Alan N. Maisel, Donovan J. Richards, Carlina Rivera , James G. Van Bramer, Carlos Menchaca, Keith Powers
Council Member Sponsors: 17
Summary: This bill would restrict the sale of certain expanded polystyrene items.
Indexes: Agency Rule-making Required
Attachments: 1. Summary of Int. No. 135, 2. Int. No. 135, 3. January 31, 2018 - Stated Meeting Agenda, 4. Hearing Transcript - Stated Meeting 1/31/18, 5. Minutes of the Stated Meeting - January 31, 2018

Int. No. 135

 

By Council Members Lander, Reynoso, Levin, Chin, Rosenthal, Perkins, Brannan, Constantinides, Cumbo, Dromm, Levine, Maisel, Richards, Rivera, Van Bramer, Menchaca and Powers

 

A Local Law to amend the administrative code of the city of New York, in relation to certain expanded polystyrene items

 

Be it enacted by the Council as follows:

                     Section 1. Section 16-329 of the administrative code of the city of New York, as added by local law number 142 for the year 2013, is amended to read as follows:

§ 16-329 Restrictions on the sale or use of certain expanded polystyrene items. a. Definitions. When used in this section:

["Chain] Chain food service establishment. The term “chain food service establishment" means five or more food service establishments located within the city that [(1)] (i) conduct business under the same business name or [(2)] (ii) operate under common ownership or management or pursuant to a franchise agreement with the same franchisor.

["Chain] Chain store. The term “chain store" means five or more stores located within the city that [(1)] (i) conduct business under the same business name or [(2)] (ii) operate under common ownership or management or pursuant to a franchise agreement with the same franchisor.

["Economically feasible" means cost effective based on consideration of factors including, but not limited to, direct and avoided costs such as whether the material is capable of being collected by the department in the same truck as source separated metal, glass and plastic recyclable material, and shall include consideration of markets for recycled material.]

["Environmentally effective" means not having negative environmental consequences  including, but not limited to, having the capability to be recycled into new and marketable products without a  significant  amount  of  material  accepted  for  recycling  being  delivered to landfills or incinerators.]

["Expanded] Expanded polystyrene. The term “expanded  polystyrene"  means  blown  polystyrene  and  expanded and extruded  foams that are thermoplastic petrochemical materials utilizing a styrene monomer and processed by any number of techniques including, but not limited to, fusion of polymer spheres (expandable bead foam), injection molding, foam molding, and extrusion-blown molding (extruded foam polystyrene). Such term shall not include rigid polystyrene.

["Food] Food service establishment. The term “food service establishment" means a premises or part of a premises where food is provided directly to the consumer  whether  such  food  is provided  free  of  charge or sold, and whether consumption occurs on or off the premises or is provided from a pushcart, stand or vehicle. Food service establishment shall include, but not be limited to, full-service restaurants, fast food restaurants, cafes, delicatessens, coffee shops, grocery stores, vending trucks or carts and cafeterias.

["Manufacturer"] Manufacturer. The term “manufacturer” means every person, firm or corporation that:

1. [produces] Produces expanded polystyrene or polystyrene loose fill packaging that is sold or distributed in the city; or

2. [imports] Imports expanded polystyrene or polystyrene loose fill packaging that is sold or distributed in the city.

["Mobile] Mobile food commissary. The term “mobile food commissary" means any facility that:

1. [disposes] Disposes of solid waste  generated  by  the  operation  of  a  food service  establishment  that  is  located  in or is a pushcart, stand or vehicle; or

2. [supplies] Supplies potable water and food, whether pre-packaged  or  prepared at the mobile food commissary, and supplies non-food items.

["Polystyrene] Polystyrene loose fill packaging. The term “polystyrene loose fill packaging," commonly known as packing peanuts, means a void-filling packaging product made of expanded polystyrene that is used as a packaging fill.

["Safe for employees" means that, among other factors, the collection and sorting of any source separated material does not pose a greater risk to the health and safety of persons involved in such collection and sorting than the risk associated with the collection and sorting of any other source separated recyclable material in the  metal, glass and plastic recycling stream.]

["Single] Single service articles. The term “single service articles" means cups, containers, lids, closures, trays, plates, knives, spoons, stoppers, paddles, straws, place mats, napkins, doilies, wrapping  materials, toothpicks  and all similar articles that are intended by the manufacturer to be used once for eating or  drinking or that are generally recognized by the public as items to be discarded after one use.

["Store"] Store. The term “store” means a retail or wholesale establishment other than a food service establishment.

[b. No later than January first, two thousand fifteen, the commissioner shall determine,  after consulting with the department's designated recycling contractor for metal, glass and  plastic materials, manufacturers and recyclers of expanded polystyrene, and, in the  commissioner's discretion, any other person or group having expertise on expanded   polystyrene, whether expanded polystyrene single service articles can be recycled at the designated recycling processing facility at  the  South  Brooklyn  Marine  Terminal in a manner that is environmentally effective, economically feasible, and safe for employees. At such time, the commissioner shall report to the mayor and the council on such determination. If the commissioner determines that expanded polystyrene single service articles can be recycled in such manner, the commissioner shall adopt and implement rules designating expanded polystyrene single service articles and, as appropriate, other expanded polystyrene products, as a recyclable material and require the source separation of such expanded polystyrene for department-managed recycling.]

[c. If expanded polystyrene single service articles are not designated as a recyclable material pursuant to subdivision b of this section, then, on and after  July first, two thousand fifteen, no] b. No food service establishment, mobile food commissary, or store shall possess, sell, or offer for use single service articles that consist of expanded polystyrene including, but not limited to, providing food in single service articles that consist of expanded polystyrene. This subdivision shall not apply to [(1)] (i) expanded polystyrene containers used for prepackaged food  that have been filled and sealed prior to receipt by the food service establishment, mobile food commissary, or store or [(2)] (ii) expanded polystyrene containers used to store raw meat, pork, fish, seafood or poultry sold from a butcher case or similar retail appliance.

[d. If expanded polystyrene single service articles are not designated as a recyclable  material pursuant to subdivision b of this section, then, on and after July first, two thousand fifteen, no] c. No manufacturer or store shall sell or offer for sale polystyrene loose fill packaging in the city.

[e.] d. Any not-for-profit corporation, regardless of its income, and any food service establishment, mobile food commissary, or store that had a gross income under [five hundred thousand dollars] $500,000 per location on their annual income tax filing for the most recent tax year and is not part of a chain food service establishment or a chain store may request from the commissioner of small business services, in a manner and form established by such commissioner, a financial hardship waiver of the requirements of this section. Such waiver request may apply to one or more single service articles possessed, sold, or offered for use by any such not-for-profit corporation, food service establishment, mobile food commissary, or store. The commissioner of small business services shall, after consultation with the  commissioner, grant such waiver if such not-for-profit corporation, food service establishment,  mobile food commissary, or store proves: [(1)] (i) that there is no comparable alternative product not composed of expanded polystyrene that would cost the same as or less than the single service  article composed of expanded polystyrene, and [(2)] (ii) that the purchase or use of an alternative  product not composed of expanded polystyrene would create an undue financial hardship. Such financial hardship waiver shall be valid for [twelve] 12 months and shall be renewable upon application to the commissioner of small business services. A pending application for such financial hardship waiver shall be a defense to any notice of violation issued pursuant to this section to which such pending application relates and such notice of violation shall be dismissed.

[f. On and after January first, two thousand fifteen, the department shall provide outreach and education as follows:

(1) if expanded polystyrene single service articles are not designated as a recyclable material pursuant to subdivision b of this section, the] e. The department, in consultation with the department  of  health  and  mental hygiene and the department of consumer affairs, shall conduct outreach and education to food service establishments, mobile food  commissaries, and  stores to inform them of the provisions of this section and provide assistance with identifying replacement material, and such outreach and education shall be offered in multiple languages[; and

(2)  if expanded polystyrene single service articles are designated as a recyclable material pursuant to subdivision b  of  this  section,  the department shall provide instruction and  materials for residential building owners, net lessees or persons in charge of such buildings, and their employees and residents, for the purpose of  improving  compliance with such new recycling designation].

    [g.] f. The department, the department of health and mental hygiene and the department of consumer affairs shall have the authority to enforce the provisions of this section.

                     § 2. Subdivision f of section 16-324 of the administrative code of the city of New York, as added by local law number 142 for the year 2013, is amended to read as follows:

f. Any person who violates section 16-329 of this chapter or any rule promulgated  pursuant thereto shall be liable for a civil penalty recoverable in a civil action brought in the name of the commissioner, the commissioner of health and mental hygiene or the commissioner of consumer affairs, or in a proceeding before the environmental control board, the health  tribunal at the office of administrative trials and hearings, or the administrative tribunal of the department of consumer affairs, in the amount of [two hundred fifty dollars] $250 for the first violation, [five hundred dollars] $500 for the second violation committed on a different day within a period of [twelve] 12 months, and [one thousand dollars] $1,000 for the third and each subsequent violation committed on different days within a period of [twelve] 12 months, except that the department, the department of health and mental hygiene, and the department of consumer affairs shall not issue a notice of violation, but shall issue a warning and provide information on replacement material, for any violation that occurs before [January first, two thousand sixteen] January 1, 2019.

§ 3. This local law takes effect 120 days after it becomes law, except that the commissioner of sanitation, commissioner of health and mental hygiene, commissioner of consumer affairs and commissioner of small business services shall take all actions necessary for its implementation, including the promulgation of rules, prior to such effective date.

 

BJR

LS 351

LS 6313 / Int. 1596-2017

12/6/17 11:28AM