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File #: Res 1000-2016    Version: * Name: Recognizing March 5th as “Three-Fifths Clause Awareness Day” to be officially observed each year in NYC.
Type: Resolution Status: Adopted
Committee: Committee on Civil Rights
On agenda: 3/9/2016
Enactment date: Law number:
Title: Resolution recognizing March 5th as "Three-Fifths Clause Awareness Day" to be officially observed each year in New York City.
Sponsors: Andy L. King, Margaret S. Chin, Inez D. Barron, Robert E. Cornegy, Jr., Vanessa L. Gibson, Rosie Mendez, Ritchie J. Torres, Deborah L. Rose, Fernando Cabrera , Darlene Mealy, Julissa Ferreras-Copeland, Daniel Dromm , Mathieu Eugene, Andrew Cohen, Eric A. Ulrich
Council Member Sponsors: 15
Attachments: 1. March 9, 2016 - Stated Meeting Agenda with Links to Files, 2. Committee Report 4/18/16, 3. Hearing Testimony 4/18/16, 4. Hearing Transcript 4/18/16, 5. Committee Report 5/3/16, 6. Hearing Transcript 5/3/16, 7. May 5, 2016 - Stated Meeting Agenda with Links to Files, 8. Hearing Transcript - Stated Meeting 5-5-16, 9. Minutes of the Stated Meeting - May 5, 2016
Date Ver.Prime SponsorAction ByActionResultAction DetailsMeeting DetailsMultimedia
5/5/2016*Andy L. King City Council Approved, by CouncilPass Action details Meeting details Not available
5/3/2016*Andy L. King Committee on Civil Rights Hearing Held by Committee  Action details Meeting details Not available
5/3/2016*Andy L. King Committee on Civil Rights Approved by CommitteePass Action details Meeting details Not available
4/18/2016*Andy L. King Committee on Civil Rights Hearing Held by Committee  Action details Meeting details Not available
4/18/2016*Andy L. King Committee on Civil Rights Laid Over by Committee  Action details Meeting details Not available
3/9/2016*Andy L. King City Council Introduced by Council  Action details Meeting details Not available
3/9/2016*Andy L. King City Council Referred to Comm by Council  Action details Meeting details Not available

Res. No. 1000

 

Resolution recognizing March 5th as “Three-Fifths Clause Awareness Day” to be officially observed each year in New York City.

 

By Council Members King, Chin, Barron, Cornegy, Gibson, Mendez, Torres, Rose, Cabrera, Mealy, Ferreras-Copeland, Dromm, Eugene, Cohen and Ulrich

                     Whereas, The Three-Fifths Clause enacted in the United States Constitution in 1787 declared that enslaved persons, the majority of whom were African-Americans, would be counted as three-fifths of a person in calculating each state’s total population; and

                     Whereas, The clause was enacted as a compromise in the debate over whether and how enslaved persons would be counted when determining a state’s total population for legislative and taxing purposes; and

                     Whereas, The Three-Fifths Clause provided that representation in Congress would be based on the “whole Number of free Persons” and “three-fifths of all other persons” meaning those who were enslaved were not considered whole persons; and

                     Whereas, Due to this clause and the fact that representation within the federal legislature is based on a state’s total population, southern states were granted significantly more seats in Congress and the Electoral College; and

                     Whereas, The enactment of the Three-Fifths Clause allowed the interests of slaveholders to largely dominate the United States government, considering that African-Americans were denied the right to vote and were treated as property; and

                     Whereas, Although southern states largely benefitted from this clause, northern states such as New York, where slavery was not abolished until 1827, did as well; and

                     Whereas, In addition to the precise impacts the Three-Fifths Clause had on representation, it also set a precedent for the perpetual unequal treatment of African-Americans in the United States that would go on for centuries and is still felt today; and

                     Whereas, Through the Emancipation of Slavery, the Reconstruction Era, repealing of Jim Crow Laws, and the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950’s, African-Americans have not only fought for equal rights, but the acknowledgement of their full humanity; and

                     Whereas, Bringing awareness to the Three-Fifths Clause is of importance to understanding the current day plight of African-Americans in New York City and the nation; now, therefore, be it

                     Resolved, That the Council of the City of New York recognizes March 5th as “Three-Fifths Clause Awareness Day” to be officially observed each year in New York City.

 

                     

 

LS#6687

02.25.16

CA